Tropical regions have favorable climate for the growth of Bitter Melons. Many areas of different countries such as Amazon, east Africa, the Caribbean and Asia cultivate Bitter Melon as a medicine and dietary foodstuff.
The plant of Bitter Melon plant is slender with long leaves and yellow flowers. The fruit bear a resemblance to small cucumber and gourd. The unripe Bitter Melon fruit is green in color and turns to yellowish orange, when matured fully.
Momordica is the botanical name of Bitter Melon, meaning “to bite”, which also refers to the uneven corners of the leaves. The fruit of Bitter Melon plant is very bitter in taste. There are many medicinal uses of the plant.
Products and Benefits of Bitter Melon:
In Amazons, people use Bitter Melon as a dietary additive and medicine. They use leaves, fruits or beans of Bitter Melon to add some sourness in their dietary food items. It helps to treat diabetes, intestinal problems, menstruation disorders and may help viral disorders such as hepatitis, measles and diseases of fever symptoms. Extracts of Bitter Melon may help in healing wounds, sores and infections caused by parasites or worms.
In many countries, herbalists use Bitter Melon for treating tumors, rheumatism, malaria, inflammation, vaginal discharge, diabetes, menstrual problems, colic, and fevers. It may also help in inducing abortions. In addition, it may act as an aphrodisiac to increase a person’s libido.
Bitter Melon extract have numerous healing properties for skin disorders such as hemorrhoids, scabies, vaginitis, itchy rashes, leprosy and eczema. Many parts of Bitter Melon plants have anti-diabetic and anti-dysentery properties. It may also help in reducing stomach pain and hypertension.
Bitter Melon helps to maintain sugar levels in blood at a certain proportion. The main active ingredient of Bitter Melon, 60 Vcaps is gurmarin. Gurmarin is a polypeptide, which is mainly responsible for maintaining the blood sugar levels. In addition, Bitter Melon extract is a rich natural source of vitamin C that helps in oxidizing free radicals.
Triterpenes, steroids and proteins are the main chemical constituents of this Bitter Melon containing product. Certain chemicals of Bitter Melon help to reduce the activity of enzyme guanylate. Momordin, a protein is an important constituent of Bitter Melon, which helps to fight against cancerous cells. In addition, it also contains other proteins such as cucurbitacin B along with alpha and beta forms of momorcharin that have anti-cancerous properties. Studies showed that these protein compounds inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) viral cells and molecules without affecting the healthy cells. In addition, it also helps in eliminating viruses that cause herpes diseases.
Bitter Melon has a blend of few steroidal Saponins, also known as insulin-like peptides, charantins and alkaloids that help to reduce the symptoms of diabetes. Other ingredients of this product are zeatin riboside, zeaxanthin, zeinoxanthin, zeatin, vicine, verbascoside, v-insulin, uracil, trypsin inhibitors, trehalose, taraxerol, stigmasterol, glycosides, oxalic acid, pentadecans, spinasterol, oleic acid, nerolidol, myristic acid, multiflorenol, linolenic acid, charine, cryptoxanthin, diosgenin, erythrodiol, gentisic acid and other many chemical compounds.
Frequent overdose of Bitter Melon may lead to diarrhea and abdominal pain. Overdose may also cause fever, headache and coma. Pregnant females and nursing women have to avoid intake of Bitter Melon. Patients having low level of sugar in blood need to consult a medical practitioner before consuming Bitter Melon. Doctors believe that there are no interactions of Bitter Melon with other medicinal drugs.
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